The prognostic correlation of AFP level at diagnosis with pathological grade, progression, and survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma

by | Oct 9, 2017 | Gastrointestinal | 0 comments

The purpose of this study was to conduct a comprehensive study of the clinical correlation between the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) level at diagnosis and pathological grades, progression, and survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). A total of 78,743 patients in Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program (SEER)-registered HCC was analyzed. The AFP test results for patients with HCC were mainly recorded as AFP-negative and AFP-positive. Logistic regression analysis revealed that the AFP level at diagnosis was an independent risk factor of pathological grade (odds ratio [OR], 2.559; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.075–3.157; P < 0.001), TNM-7 stage (OR, 2.794; CI, 2.407–3.242; P < 0.001), and tumor size (OR, 1.748; 95% CI, 1.574–1.941; P < 0.001). Multivariable Cox regression analyses identified AFP level as an independent predictor of survival risk of patients with HCC who did not undergo surgery (hazard ratio [HR], 1.660; 95% CI, 1.534–1.797; P < 0.001), and those who underwent surgery (HR, 1.534; 95% CI, 1.348–1.745; P < 0.001). The AFP level at diagnosis was an independent risk predictor associated with pathological grade, progression, and survival. Further, surgery may not significantly reverse the adverse effects of AFP-positive compared with AFP-negative.

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the sixth most prevalent…

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