Every year about 130 million children worldwide suffer from the effects of asthma. It has been reported that as many as one in 11 children will develop asthma before their fifteenth birthday. Asthma can also lead to a series of other health problems for children, such as, sleep apnea, poor growth and development, and learning issues. It is important for parents to watch out for symptoms so they can treat their child accordingly.
What is asthma?
Asthma is a respiratory disease caused by the constriction and inflammation of the airways in the lungs. Asthma can be acute or chronic. Acute asthma is commonly referred to as a “wheeze”, it is characterized by intermittent attacks of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness or wheeze after exercise, exposure to allergens, cold air or virus infections. Chronic asthma is when a child experiences frequent episodes of asthma that can have a series of other health problems. In severe cases doctors may prescribe steroids and additional medications to aid in breathing during an attack.
How can asthma attacks be prevented?
Parents or caregivers can try to minimize the amount of asthma attacks their child has by taking simple steps. These steps can include: keeping pets out of the bedroom, not smoking inside the house, using a humidifier. Parents should also make sure their children get enough sleep and exercise and that they are eating properly.
Although it is known that there is no cure for asthma, there are treatments available for symptoms as well as preventative measures to keep children healthy and active.