Keeping a pain diary. A diary can show patterns such as when your pain is worse and what makes it better or worse. This may help you plan ways to adjust your activities and take your medicines on a schedule that helps control your pain. See an example of a pain diary(What is a PDF document?).
Using pain medicines. If your doctor or nurse gives you pain medicine, take it exactly as directed. Many people try to wait until pain is very bad before they take medicine for their pain. Pain medicine works best when the level of medicine in the body stays constant. You need to take it before pain becomes severe.
Changing body positions to see whether certain positions reduce your pain.