Have low heels. Avoid high-heeled, narrow, or
pointed-toe shoes. High-heeled shoes increase pressure on the front of the foot
and on the toe joints. If you cannot avoid wearing pumps or high-heeled shoes,
choose shoes with heels that are no more than 2 in. (5 cm) high. Alternate
wearing these with low-heeled shoes.
Have wide and deep toe boxes
(the area that surrounds the toes). There should be about 0.5 in. (1.3 cm) of space
between your longest toe and the end of the shoe. You should be able to wiggle
your toes in your shoes.
Are made of materials that stretch. In
some cases, it may be possible to stretch your shoes over the problem area so
that they don’t put pressure on a painful area. This may help relieve or
prevent pain. Look for a shoe repair shop that stretches shoes, or ask your
doctor to recommend one. You may also want to find a shoe
manufacturer that makes special or custom shoes for people with foot
Lace up rather than slip on. Athletic shoes are a good
Have a rigid yet cushioned heel counter that keeps your
foot from slipping out of the shoe.
Have a sole that doesn’t hurt. For some people this means a flexible sole that allows your toes to bend as you walk. For other people, a firm sole that helps the joints stay straight is more comfortable.
Allow the ball of your foot
to fit snugly into the widest part of the shoe.
Allow your feet to
breathe when they sweat. Avoid plastic or vinyl shoes.
Do not have seams that may rub against or irritate the skin over
your problem joint.
At home, try wearing sandals or soft-leather flat shoes or slippers. Or buy
an inexpensive pair of shoes and cut a hole over the affected joint.
Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.
Decision Points focus on key medical care decisions that are important to many health problems.