Topic Overview

People with
diabetes have a greater risk for gum (periodontal)
disease when blood sugar is high. And gum disease can cause higher blood sugar levels, which makes it hard to fight infection, including infections in the mouth.

To help prevent dental problems, each

  • Keep your blood sugar levels within your target
  • Brush your teeth at least twice.
  • Floss once,
    pressing the floss against your teeth and not your gums.
  • Check for
    areas where your gums are red or painful.

To help prevent dental problems, see your dentist every 6
months. Before dental work starts, remind your dentist that you have diabetes.
Many dental treatments can affect your blood sugar.

To help
prevent dental problems:

  • See your dentist right away if you think you have
    a problem.
  • Delay dental surgery if your blood sugar levels are
    higher than your target range. High blood sugar levels increase your risk of
    getting an infection after surgery.

See the topic Basic Dental Care for general information on
caring for your teeth.

Related Information


ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer E. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC – Endocrinology

Current as ofMarch 13, 2017