Topic Overview

Cardiac
rehabilitation (rehab) includes a phase that helps you keep the healthy
behaviors and habits that you learned in rehab. This phase, or program, is often referred to as the maintenance part of rehab, because it can help you maintain healthy lifestyle changes.

Your goals are to:

  • Learn lifestyle changes to lower your risk of future heart problems.
  • Continue exercising to regain your physical function.

Maintenance programs may be held at a community facility or
at home and will be tailored to your specific needs.

Regular communication
with your rehab staff or doctor for periodic reviews and assessments is an
important part of a maintenance program. Your progress will be monitored by several rehab staff members. The
number of rehab sessions you have each week will vary depending upon
the structure of your program.

Your rate of recovery depends on age, gender, and other health
conditions. Depending upon your condition and how you respond to rehab, you may
stay in a certain phase or move back and forth among the phases.
There is no set length of time that you must stay in a certain phase.

Lifestyle changes

Your rehab staff will give you information and tools to
enforce healthy habits, such as not smoking, staying at a healthy weight, and dealing with stress. You will also get tips on nutrition and taking your medicines.

This phase of rehab focuses on making lifestyle changes part of your everyday
life.

  • You will learn how to
    monitor your symptoms and heart rate.
  • Ask for written
    instructions-including how fast your heart rate should be-so you can easily
    refer to them as you become more independent.
  • Support throughout
    your life is important. Joining an exercise group or a support group for
    nonsmokers may be helpful in maintaining lifestyle changes.
  • If you
    exercise at home, make sure a health professional checks your progress.
  • Education and support from nurses, dietitians, physical
    therapists, and doctors will help you continue making lifestyle changes during
    this phase.
  • In group programs, other people in the rehab program
    may become your support group and help you make lifestyle changes.

Exercise program

The following exercises are examples. Your exercise program depends on your medical history, clinical status, and symptoms
and whether you have had heart problems or heart surgery. Discuss additional physical limitations or medical issues with your doctor before you begin any exercise program.

Your exercise program
will include stretching, aerobic exercise, and strength training. A daily
exercise routine is encouraged.

Stretching and flexibility

Stretching should be a part of
your warm-up and cooldown every time you exercise. There are many benefits
from an increase in flexibility, including an increase in the length
of time that you can continue to be active.

  • Frequency: Do stretching
    exercises at least 3 days a week.
  • Intensity:
    Stretch to a position of mild discomfort.
  • Duration: Hold each stretch for 10 to 30 seconds.
  • Repetition: Do each stretch 3 to 5 times.
  • Type: Control and hold without resistance, with emphasis on
    the lower back and legs.

Aerobic exercise

Aerobic exercise in phase IV rehab
is a program designed for a lifetime of commitment. Make it enjoyable by
choosing activities that you like. It is still important that you use your
target heart rate and
rating of perceived exertion (RPE) and modify your
intensity as you improve or face difficulties.

Example program

Mode

Intensity

Frequency

Duration

Progression

Aerobic (walking, swimming, biking, rowing,
jogging)
  • Within target heart rate range
  • An RPE of 12 to 14 (somewhat hard to hard)
  • Until tolerance if no
    symptoms
  • Minimum of 3 to 4 times a
    week
  • Minimum of 5 days each week for weight loss
  • 15 to 60 minutes
  • Minimum of
    45 to 60 minutes for weight loss
  • Increase heart rate.
  • Change type of activity.
  • Increase duration (gradually).

Strength training

Strength training continues to be
an important part of your overall physical rehabilitation and conditioning.
Gradually progress as you feel comfortable. But more important: combine it with
your aerobic training. Be sure to monitor your progress toward your
goals.

Continue to follow the recommendations on correct
technique, breathing, and intensity to improve and/or keep your muscular
strength and endurance.

Health Tools

Health Tools help you make wise health decisions or take action to improve your health.


Actionsets are designed to help people take an active role in managing a health condition.

References

Other Works Consulted

  • American College of Sports Medicine (2010). Exercise prescription for patients with cardiac disease. In WR Thompson et al., eds., ACSM’s Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription, 8th ed., pp. 207-224. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
  • Graham IM, et al. (2011). Rehabilitation of the patient with coronary heart disease. In V Fuster et al., eds., Hurst’s the Heart, 13th ed., vol. 2, pp. 1513-1530. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Credits

ByHealthwise Staff
Primary Medical Reviewer Rakesh K. Pai, MD, FACC – Cardiology, Electrophysiology
E. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine
Martin J. Gabica, MD – Family Medicine
Specialist Medical Reviewer Richard D. Zorowitz, MD – Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

Current as ofOctober 5, 2017