An obstetric panel is a group of blood tests done to
check the health of a woman before and during early pregnancy. The results of
these tests can help find certain problems during the pregnancy. They can also
help guide any treatment needed for a woman during pregnancy or for a baby
immediately after birth.
Blood type, antibody screening, and a complete blood count (CBC) are all part of an
obstetric panel. Your doctor can check to see if you have Rh-negative blood. If you have Rh-negative blood and
your baby has Rh-positive blood, this is called Rh incompatibility. Although it is not known for sure
what the baby’s blood type is, steps can be taken to prevent problems caused by
Fischbach FT, Dunning MB III, eds. (2009). Manual of Laboratory and Diagnostic Tests, 8th ed. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
Pagana KD, Pagana TJ (2010). Mosby’s Manual of Diagnostic and Laboratory Tests, 4th ed. St. Louis: Mosby Elsevier.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerSarah Marshall, MD – Family Medicine E. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine Adam Husney, MD – Family Medicine Kathleen Romito, MD – Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerSiobhan M. Dolan, MD, MPH – Reproductive Genetics Rebecca Sue Uranga, MD – Obstetrics and Gynecology