Anatomical incontinence is the involuntary release of urine caused by structural problems of the urinary tract that affect the urine flow. This type of incontinence may be present from birth (congenital).
The main symptom is an almost continual release of urine.
The incontinence is caused by structural problems in the urinary tract that allow urine to leak past the muscle (sphincter) that keeps urine in the bladder. These problems include:
An abnormal pouch (diverticulum) in the wall of the urethra. Urine can become trapped in the pouch and then leak out.
An abnormal opening between the bladder and vagina. This is called a vesicovaginal fistula.
An abnormal opening between a ureter and the vagina. This is called a ureterovaginal fistula.
Treatment aims to correct the structural problem that is causing the release of urine.
ByHealthwise Staff Primary Medical ReviewerE. Gregory Thompson, MD – Internal Medicine Adam Husney, MD – Family Medicine Kathleen Romito, MD – Family Medicine Specialist Medical ReviewerAvery L. Seifert, MD – Urology