Working as part of a team of doctors and other health professionals, genetic counselors provide education and support to families with members who have birth defects or genetic conditions such as sickle cell disease, cystic fibrosis, or hemophilia. They also look at test results and family histories to see how likely a couple is to have a child who has a genetic problem.
Genetic counselors have graduate degrees and experience in the areas of medical genetics and counseling. Many genetic counselors have worked in other areas, such as nursing, psychology, public health, or social work.
Licensing, certification, and registration requirements for genetic counselors vary from state to state.