COVID-19: Everything You Need to Know

Worried about COVID-19? We all are. Here is a no-nonsense guide to staying healthy. And wash your hands!

Staying Healthy When You’re Away From Home

Crowded airplanes, lack of sleep, and exposure to new germs your body doesn’t know how to fight can make it hard to stay healthy when traveling. The recent outbreak of coronavirus in several countries is a good reminder to plan ahead so you don’t get sick. The most important step is to avoid passing germs around. Wash your hands regularly, wipe down surfaces on planes, and wear a mask if you’re coughing or sneezing. Traveling soon? Get more tips on how to stay healthy when you’re away from home.

The Best Way to Avoid Colds and Viruses (including COVID-19)

Germs can cause all sorts of illnesses, including coronavirus, the flu, and the common cold. Some of these viruses have been around for centuries, while others are new, but the best way to keep them from spreading is still the same: wash your hands. Scrub with soap and water for at least 20 seconds when you eat, prepare food, go to the bathroom, cough, sneeze, or touch animals. Keep hand sanitizer on your desk, in your car, or in your bag for times when you don’t have soap. Washing your hands may seem like a small thing, but it can keep you and the people around you safe and healthy.

What Are Coronaviruses?

Coronaviruses are common—they are viruses that sometimes make people and animals sick. They usually spread the same way a regular cold or the flu does. Most people will recover, but in rare cases, viruses and colds can be dangerous. The best ways to keep germs from spreading are to wash your hands often, keep your hands away from your face, and stay home if you think you might be sick. Learn more about how to treat a cold yourself—and when to call a doctor.

Learn more about…

With the recent outbreak of coronavirus, staying healthy when traveling is more important than ever. Traveling soon? Get the scoop: Travel Health.

Old viruses or new, the best way to avoid the spread of many illnesses is the same: wash your hands!

Coronaviruses, colds, and the flu are no joke. Learn how to stay healthy and avoid spreading germs this season: colds.

Need more information? Check the CDC website for the most up-to-date details and guidance.

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COVID-19: Everything You Need to Know

Worried about COVID-19? We all are. Here is a no-nonsense guide to staying healthy. And wash your hands! Staying Healthy When You’re Away From Home Crowded airplanes, lack of sleep, and exposure to new germs your body doesn’t know how to fight can make it hard to stay...

Best hospital for mouth cancer

Hospitals list

Overview

Oral cancer develops in the mouth or throat tissues and is part of a larger group of cancers called head and neck cancers. Most cases develop in squamous cells found in the mouth, tongue, and lips. In the United States, more than 49,000 cases of oral cancer are diagnosed each year. This type of cancer mostly affects people over the age of 40.

Types of oral cancer

Oral cancers include cancers of:

  • Lips
  • Tongue
  • The inner lining of the cheek
  • Gums
  • The floor of the mouth
  • The hard and soft palate

 

Risk Factors

There are essentially two risk factors for oral cancer:

  • Smoke
  • Alcohol

Those who consume large amounts of both are at a higher risk of getting mouth cancer.

Other risk factors can be:

  • human papillomavirus (HPV) infection
  • chronic sun exposure of the face
  • a previous diagnosis of oral cancer
  • a family history of oral or other cancer
  • a weakened immune system
  • poor nutrition
  • genetic syndromes

 

What are the symptoms of oral cancer?

The symptoms of mouth cancer are different, unfortunately, it is difficult to distinguish which ones are attributable to this type of cancer or to other types of malaise. Symptoms of oral cancer include:

  • a sore on your lip or mouth that won’t heal
  • a mass or growth anywhere in your mouth
  • bleeding from the mouth
  • loose teeth
  • pain or difficulty in swallowing
  • problems wearing dentures
  • a knot in the neck
  • an earache that won’t go away
  • dramatic weight loss
  • numbness of the lower lip, face, neck, or chin
  • white, red, and white or red patches in or on the mouth or lips
  • sore throat
  • pain or stiffness in the jaw
  • pain in the tongue

Some of these symptoms, such as the sore throat or earache, may indicate other conditions. See a doctor when these symptoms don’t go away, or you have more than one at a time.

How is oral cancer diagnosed?

The diagnosis of mouth cancer involves several steps and very often includes a series of tests that aim to identify if it is really cancer and if it has spread.

First, a close examination of the mouth’s roof and floor, back of the throat, tongue, and cheeks, and lymph nodes in the neck are done. In some cases, if your doctor is unsure of your diagnosis, you may be referred to a specialist. Once an abnormality is detected in the mouth, a brush biopsy or tissue biopsy will be performed.

In some cases, further tests are also carried out to evaluate other parts of the body, such as

  • X-rays This is aimed at investigating whether cancer cells have spread to the jaw, chest, or lungs
  • CT scan reveals if there are tumors throughout the body.
  • PET scan to show if cancer has traveled to the lymph nodes or other organs
  • MRI scan to get a more accurate picture of the head and neck and determine the extent or stage of the cancer

 

Can oral cancer be cured without surgery?

Yes, it depends on where the cancer is located. Mouth cancer in many cases can be treated in the following ways:

Radiotherapy

This therapy involves bombarding the tumor with radiation once or twice a day, five days a week, for two to eight weeks. For more advanced cancers, this should be combined with chemotherapy.

Chemotherapy

Treatment that kills cancer cells. The medicine is given to you orally or intravenously. Most people get chemotherapy in the office.

Targeted therapy

This therapy requires therapeutic medicine to bind to specific proteins on cancer cells and hinder their proliferation.

Best Hospital to give birth

Hospitals list

How do I decide where to give birth?

The first question is where you want to give birth. You can give birth at home, in profit managed by midwives or in the hospital.

To ponder your choice you will need to evaluate:

  • Risks
  • Where do you live
  • Your needs

If you don’t have any particular health problems or pregnancy complications, you can consider any options. For women with some medical conditions, it’s safest to give birth in hospital, where specialists are available. This is in case you need treatment during labour.

Wherever you choose, the place should feel right for you. You can change your mind at any point in your pregnancy.

There are several ways to get this information.

  • Call the hospital directly and ask to speak to a childbirth educator.
  • Ask the doctors or midwives you are considering as assistants.
  • Talk to nearby friends or family who have recently given birth to get their opinion on things.
  • Check with the hospital’s maternity services. In many cases you can check directly on the hospital website.
  • Talk to other childbirth or doule educators in your community.

Find out what’s in your area

You can ask your midwife for advice on the options available in your area. If you are ready to travel, you can use this service anywhere.

You can also get more information from:

  • The Birthplace study – published in November 2011;
  • Your GP surgery;
  • Local maternity units ;
  • Children’s centers;

Can I choose the hospital where I’ll give birth?

Another key point is understanding which area hospitals are covered by your insurance plan. This to avoid discovering a mid-pregnancy that your doctor or midwife operates in a hospital not covered by your insurance.

The choice of doctor and midwife is very important, as the hospital where you will deliver your baby will also depend on this. Before choosing the doctor or the midwife, we recommend to make sure that the policies and approach to the birth of the hospital meet your needs.

If you have to rely on a doctor who has more admission privileges, we recommend that you find out about how the place where you will give birth is chosen.

What if I want to try a VBAC?

If you have before given birth by cesarean section and this time you want try a vaginal post cesarean delivery (VBAC).
Make sure that:
– The hospital allows it and your doctor performs it;
– Hospital has medical staff available 24/7 to repeat the cesarean immediately if needed;

Are hospitals the safest place to give birth?

We recommend that choose an hospital with a neonatal intensive care unit, especially if you are at high risk of preterm delivery or other complications that could affect your baby. Make sure the ICU is equipped to take care of younger children.

What if I want a hospital birth in a more low-tech environment?

Some hospitals have on-site birth centers in addition to traditional labor and delivery suitesBirth centers offer the option of giving birth in a more relaxed environment, often with amenities like a whirlpool tub for you and a comfortable lounge for family members.
 
If you need to be relocated for any reason, if, for example, you decide you want an epidural, you’ll just have to move down the hall or onto a floor or two.
 
Additionally, many hospitals are equipped to support low-intervention labor care if desired, while also providing a safety net in case extra medical care is required.

Can a hospital turn you away while in labor?

No. According to the federal Emergency Medical and Labor Treatment Act, emergency rooms are not allowed to turn away a woman in active labor.

What is the most common way to give birth?

There Are Only Two Basic Birth Methods:

  • Caesarean section

A cesarean section, or cesarean section for short, is a surgical procedure performed when vaginal delivery is not possible. Sometimes, a caesarean section is scheduled in advance, other times, the doctor may switch to the caesarean section during a vaginal birth if problems arise. The process is pretty straightforward. This is an incision through the abdomen and uterus to reveal the baby. The whole process can take up to two hours and will require a few days in hospital.

  • Natural vaginal delivery

Vaginal birth is the natural one and occurs when the baby is born through the vaginal canal. In fact, around 68% of women give birth vaginally each year. In addition, vaginal delivery reduces the risk of your baby developing breathing problems, asthma, food allergies and lactose intolerance. This doesn’t mean it’s risk-free. The baby can experience physical trauma while passing through the birth canal such as bruising, swelling and, in rare cases, broken bones. Complications during labor can also lead to further problems if not properly managed.