Diabetes

Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders characterized by high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urinationincreased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications.

C-Peptide

Discusses C-peptide test, used to tell the difference between type 1 or type 2 diabetes, find the cause of hypoglycemia, or check whether a pancreas tumor (insulinoma) was completely removed. Discusses how the test is done and how to prepare for it.

Carbohydrate Foods

Foods containing carbohydrate are grouped into the following categories. The carbohydrate content is listed in grams (g). If you eat a larger portion, count it as more than one serving. One serving of carbohydrate has 15 grams of carbohydrate. Of course, not all foods contain exactly 15 grams of carbohydrate. Typically…

Care of Your Skin When You Have Diabetes

If high blood sugar levels have damaged nerves that go to your skin, you may sweat less, and your skin may become dry and cracked. Damaged skin becomes infected more easily when you have diabetes. To prevent skin problems and allow for early treatment of any problems that develop, each day: Inspect your skin, especially…

Care of Your Teeth and Gums When You Have Diabetes

People with diabetes have a greater risk for gum (periodontal) disease when blood sugar is high. And gum disease can cause higher blood sugar levels, which makes it hard to fight infection, including infections in the mouth. To help prevent dental problems, each day: Keep your blood sugar levels within your target…

Checklist for Shoes and Socks That Fit Well

If your feet require specially designed shoes, ask your insurance plan about covering the cost of the shoes. Medicare will cover foot exams and special (orthotic) shoes or shoe inserts. Some medical supply shops specialize in designing custom-fitted shoes for people with diabetes who have abnormally shaped feet or…