Carla J. Herman MD MPH


Perimenopause

Perimenopause is the span of years before menopause when a woman’s hormone levels and menstrual periods become irregular. Perimenopause has been described as “going through menopause” or “being in menopause.” After 1 year of having no periods, a woman has reached menopause. This is usually around age 50. In the years…

Vulvodynia

Is this topic for you? This topic is for women who have vulvodynia, a type of vulvar pain with no known cause. If your doctor has told you that the pain in your vulva is caused by something else, like an infection or a skin problem, see the topic Female Genital Problems and Injuries. What is vulvodynia? Vulvodynia is…

Menopause: Managing Hot Flashes

Discusses options for managing perimenopause- and menopause-related hot flashes. Explains what hot flashes are. Discusses lifestyle changes that may help hot flashes. Looks at hormone therapy (HT) and treatment with medicines and herbs.

Progesterone

Progesterone is a hormone produced in the ovaries during the second half of the menstrual cycle that helps prepare the uterus for pregnancy. Progesterone is also produced by the placenta during pregnancy and helps the placenta function properly. At the end of pregnancy, a drop in progesterone helps start labor…

Emotions and Menopause

The transition to postmenopause is a normal part of the aging process. It is also a time of physical changes. You can expect some emotional responses to these changes, both positive and negative. Menopause does not create serious emotional issues for most women. Many women celebrate a sense of freedom from birth control…