David C. W. Lau MD PhD FRCPC


Secondary Adrenocortical Insufficiency

Secondary adrenocortical insufficiency is a condition in which a lack of adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) prevents the body from producing enough cortisol. Production of cortisol is controlled by the action of ACTH. ACTH is produced by the pituitary gland. This gland is controlled by the hypothalamus in the brain. If…

Insulin Injection Areas for Gestational Diabetes

These pictures show the areas of the body where insulin can be injected. You can give yourself a shot in: The top outer area of the thighs. Insulin usually is absorbed more slowly from this site, unless you exercise soon after injecting insulin into your legs. The upper outer area of the arms. The buttocks. Rotate your…

Graves’ ophthalmopathy

Graves’ ophthalmopathy, also called thyroid eye disease, is a frequent complication of hyperthyroidism. People with Graves’ ophthalmopathy may develop eye problems, including bulging, reddened eyes; sensitivity to light; and blurring or double vision. The amount of eye bulging is not related to the severity of the…

Giving a glucagon injection

Choose the injection site: Step 1 Choose a clean injection site on the buttock, upper arm, or thigh. If an alcohol swab is available, use it to clean the skin where you will give the injection. Hold the needle close to the skin: Step 2 Hold the syringe like a pencil close to the site, keeping your fingers off the…

Prediabetes

Prediabetes is a condition in which your blood sugar is too high, but not high enough to call it diabetes. Having prediabetes makes you at risk for type 2 diabetes.