David Messenger BSc MD FRCPC FCCP


Choking Rescue Procedure: Heimlich Maneuver

Choking is usually caused by food or an object stuck in the windpipe. For tips to avoid choking, see preventing choking. A person who is choking cannot talk, cough, or breathe, and may turn gray or blue. The Heimlich maneuver can help get the food or object out. WARNING: Do not try the Heimlich maneuver unless you are…

Seabather’s Eruption

What is seabather’s eruption? Seabather’s eruption is a rash that occurs when a swimmer is stung by marine life larvae. The condition has many names, including sea lice, pika-pika, sea poisoning, sea critters, and ocean itch. What causes seabather’s eruption? Two types of marine life that generally cause this rash are…

Shoulder Fracture

A fractured shoulder may involve a broken collarbone (clavicle), shoulder blade (scapula), upper arm (humerus), or the shoulder cup (glenoid). This injury might occur when someone falls against an outstretched hand or receives a direct blow to the shoulder. Sprains, strains, or dislocations may occur at the same time as…

Jellyfish Sting: Home Treatment

The rash and skin irritation that occurs with minor jellyfish or Portuguese man-of-war stings will usually go away with home treatment. Seabather’s eruption is a rash that develops from the stings of jellyfish or sea anemone larvae. Although these rashes are annoying, they are not a serious medical problem. When an…

Fever Seizures

Fever seizures (febrile seizures) are uncontrolled muscle spasms and unresponsiveness in a child. They usually last 1 to 3 minutes and are seldom serious. Fever seizures are not a form of epilepsy. A seizure is likely to be fever-related if: There is one seizure in a 24-hour period. The seizure lasted less than 15…