Deborah A. Penava MD FRCSC MPH


Cesarean Section

A cesarean section, or C-section, is the surgical delivery of an infant through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. Some cesarean sections are planned when a known medical problem would make labor dangerous for the mother or baby, while others are done when a quick delivery is needed to ensure the mother’s…

Molar Pregnancy

What is a molar pregnancy? A molar pregnancy happens when tissue that normally becomes a fetus instead becomes an abnormal growth in your uterus. Even though it isn’t an embryo, this growth triggers symptoms of pregnancy. A molar pregnancy should be treated right away. This will make sure that all of the tissue is…

Vaginal Fistula

What is a vaginal fistula? A fistula is a passage or hole that has formed between: Two organs in your body. An organ in your body and your skin. A fistula that has formed in the wall of the vagina is called a vaginal fistula. A vaginal fistula that opens into the urinary tract is called a vesicovaginal fistula. A…

Hysterosalpingogram

A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is an X-ray test. It looks at the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes and the area around them. It often is done for women who are having a hard time getting pregnant (infertile). During the test, a dye ( contrast material ) is put through a thin tube. That tube is put through the vagina…

Hysterosalpingogram

A hysterosalpingogram (HSG) is an X-ray test. It looks at the inside of the uterus and fallopian tubes and the area around them. It often is done for women who are having a hard time getting pregnant (infertile). During the test, a dye ( contrast material ) is put through a thin tube. That tube is put through the vagina…