Gavin W. G. Chalmers DPM FACFAS


Wrapping a Hammer Toe

Start with the tape under the toes, with the sticky side up. Gently wrap the tape under the big toe (or the toe next to the hammer toe), then over the hammer toe, and then under the next toe and over to the toe you started with. This forces the hammer toe into a normal position. This does not straighten the toe…

Excessive Pronation

Normally when you walk, your foot lands on the outer side of the heel first. Your weight then passes along the inner edge of the sole (normal pronation) and then back to the outside of the foot. In excessive pronation, the body weight stays on the inner edge of the sole.

Bunionette or tailor’s bunion

A bunionette, or tailor’s bunion, develops at the base of the little toe. When the long bone that connects to the toe (metatarsal) bends away from the foot, the little toe bends inward and the joint swells or enlarges. This results in a bump on the outside edge of the base of the little toe.

Stretch: Plantar Fascia and Calf

Stretching the plantar fascia and calf muscles can increase flexibility and reduce heel pain. You can do this exercise several times each day and before and after activity. Stand on a step as shown above. Be sure to hold on to the banister. Slowly let your heels down over the edge of the step as you relax your calf…

Hammer, Claw, and Mallet Toes

Hammer, claw, and mallet toes are toes that bend into an odd position at one or more joints. This can be painful. They are most often caused by wearing tight shoes, which can cause the toe muscles to get out of balance. A hammer toe bends down toward the floor at the middle toe joint. This causes the middle toe joint to…