Howard Schaff MD


Cranial ultrasound

Images courtesy of Intermountain Medical Imaging, Boise, Idaho. Cranial ultrasound uses reflected sound waves to make pictures of the brain and the inner fluid chambers (ventricles) through which cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) flows. This test is most often done on babies to check for problems from a premature birth. Figure…

Positron Emission Tomography (PET)

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a test that uses a special type of camera and a tracer (radioactive substance) to look at organs in the body. The tracer usually is a special form of a substance (such as glucose) that collects in cells that are using a lot of energy, such as cancer cells. During the test, the…

Arthrogram (Joint X-Ray)

An arthrogram is a test using X-rays to obtain a series of pictures of a joint after a contrast material (such as a dye, water, air, or a combination of these) has been injected into the joint. This allows your doctor to see the soft tissue structures of your joint, such as tendons, ligaments, muscles, cartilage, and…

Chest X-Ray

A chest X-ray is a picture of the chest that shows your heart, lungs, airway, blood vessels, and lymph nodes . A chest X-ray also shows the bones of your spine and chest, including your breastbone , your ribs, your collarbone , and the upper part of your spine . A chest X-ray is the most common imaging test or X-ray…

Facial X-Ray

A facial X-ray is a series of pictures of the bones in the face . One type of facial X-ray (called a paranasal sinus X-ray series) looks at the air-filled cavities (sinuses) around the nose and eyes. X-rays are a form of radiation, like light or radio waves, that are focused into a beam, much like a flashlight beam…