John M. Freedman MD


Epidural Placement for Labor

Epidural anesthesia involves putting a sterile guide needle and a small tube (epidural catheter) into the space around the spinal cord (epidural space). The epidural catheter is placed at or below the waist. The guide needle is inserted and removed, while the catheter remains in place. The catheter is taped in place up…

Colocación de la epidural para el trabajo de parto

La anestesia epidural implica introducir una aguja guía estéril y un pequeño tubo (catéter epidural) en el espacio alrededor de la médula espinal (espacio epidural). El catéter epidural se coloca a la altura de la cintura o por debajo de ella. Se introduce y se retira la aguja guía, mientras que el catéter permanece en…

Childbirth: Opioid Pain Medicines

To help control the pain and stress of labor, you may get pain medicines. The medicine can be injected into a vein or into the muscle. The most common pain medicines used are opioids. Examples include fentanyl, morphine, and nalbuphine. How opioids work for labor pain Opioids suppress how you perceive pain, and they…