Karin M. Lindholm DO


Periodic Limb Movement Disorder

What is periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD)? Periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD) is a condition in which a person’s legs, and sometimes arms, move repetitively and uncontrollably while he or she is asleep. These episodes of limb movement can disrupt the person’s sleep, causing insomnia or daytime sleepiness…

Brain Aneurysm

A brain (cerebral) aneurysm is a bulging, weak area in the wall of an artery that supplies blood to the brain. In some cases, a brain aneurysm may cause no symptoms and go unnoticed. In other cases, the brain aneurysm ruptures. This releases blood into the skull and causes a stroke. When a brain aneurysm ruptures, the…

Polysomnogram

A polysomnogram is a procedure that records a variety of body functions during sleep, including eye movement, muscle activity, and electrical activity of the brain. This test is done as part of a series of sleep tests to diagnose sleep disorders, such as sleep apnea, and problems staying awake or sleeping…

Nighttime Leg Cramps

Nighttime (or nocturnal) leg cramps are a sudden tightening (contraction) of the leg muscles, usually in the calf. But the muscle cramps can sometimes happen in the thigh or foot. They often occur just as a person is falling asleep or waking up. Leg cramps can be painful. They can last a few seconds to a few minutes…