Kim E. Dow MD FRCPC


Apnea of Prematurity

Apnea is a pause in breathing for 20 seconds or more. Premature infants younger than 32 to 34 weeks’ gestational age commonly have apneic spells, usually while sleeping. During an apneic spell, an infant’s blood oxygen level can drop (oxygen desaturation, or “desat”), which is sometimes followed by a drop in heart rate…

Isolette (Incubator)

An isolette is a clear plastic enclosed crib that maintains a warm environment for a new baby and isolates him or her from germs. A baby, especially a premature baby, who cannot maintain body heat can be protected from drafts and cold in an isolette.

Temperature Probe

A temperature probe measures a baby’s skin temperature. The probe is part of an environmental control system used to help regulate a baby’s body temperature. A small device is held in place on the surface of a baby’s skin. Temperature measurements are transmitted by a long wire to a probe, which also connects to a…

Transcutaneous Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Monitor

A transcutaneous oxygen and carbon dioxide monitor is a device that measures the oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in a baby’s blood. This test does not require a doctor or a nurse to take a blood sample from the baby. The monitor is connected to the baby by a lead (wire), the end of which has a small circle that is held…

Umbilical Catheter

An umbilical catheter is a flexible tube that is inserted into a blood vessel in a newborn’s umbilical cord. This tube provides a painless way of drawing arterial blood for testing and for giving medication, nutrition, and fluids through a vein.