Kim E. Dow MD FRCPC


Intraventricular Hemorrhage in Premature Infants

During the first week after birth, some premature infants develop bleeding in the brain (intraventricular hemorrhage), for which there is no known treatment. Brain damage can result. The more immature the brain is, the more fragile the brain’s blood vessels are and the more sensitive they are to changes in blood…

Apnea of Prematurity

Apnea is a pause in breathing for 20 seconds or more. Premature infants younger than 32 to 34 weeks’ gestational age commonly have apneic spells, usually while sleeping. During an apneic spell, an infant’s blood oxygen level can drop (oxygen desaturation, or “desat”), which is sometimes followed by a drop in heart rate…

Isolette (Incubator)

An isolette is a clear plastic enclosed crib that maintains a warm environment for a new baby and isolates him or her from germs. A baby, especially a premature baby, who cannot maintain body heat can be protected from drafts and cold in an isolette.

Temperature Probe

A temperature probe measures a baby’s skin temperature. The probe is part of an environmental control system used to help regulate a baby’s body temperature. A small device is held in place on the surface of a baby’s skin. Temperature measurements are transmitted by a long wire to a probe, which also connects to a…

Transcutaneous Oxygen and Carbon Dioxide Monitor

A transcutaneous oxygen and carbon dioxide monitor is a device that measures the oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in a baby’s blood. This test does not require a doctor or a nurse to take a blood sample from the baby. The monitor is connected to the baby by a lead (wire), the end of which has a small circle that is held…