Michael P. Pignone MD MPH FACP


Mitral Valve Prolapse

What is mitral valve prolapse? Your mitral valve controls blood flow on the left side of your heart. The valve opens and closes with each heartbeat. It works like a one-way gate, letting blood flow from your upper heart chamber to your lower chamber. When you have mitral valve prolapse (MVP), the valve closes after…

Cardiac catheterization laboratory

Courtesy of Intermountain Medical Imaging, Boise, Idaho. All rights reserved. Cardiac catheterization is done in the cardiac catheterization laboratory (“cath lab”) by a cardiologist. Some of the tests and procedures that are done in a cath lab include: Testing for heart disease with an angiogram. Treating heart disease…

Balloon Valvotomy for Mitral Valve Stenosis

A balloon valvotomy is a treatment for mitral valve stenosis. It is a procedure that widens the mitral valve so that blood flows more easily through the heart. A balloon valvotomy is a minimally invasive procedure. A doctor uses a thin flexible tube (catheter) that is inserted through an artery in the groin or arm and…

Aortic Valve Stenosis

What is aortic valve stenosis? Aortic valve stenosis is a narrowing of the aortic valve . The aortic valve allows blood to flow from the heart’s lower left chamber (ventricle) into the aorta and to the body. Stenosis prevents the valve from opening properly, forcing the heart to work harder to pump blood through the…