Nancy E. Greenwald MD


Prolotherapy for Low Back Pain

Prolotherapy involves injecting a substance into the body to promote the growth of normal cells, tissues, or organs. There are three types of prolotherapy. The type used to treat joint pain is called inflammatory prolotherapy. In inflammatory prolotherapy, a sugar water solution (dextrose) is injected into a weakened…

Botulinum (Botox) Injection for Low Back Pain

Botulinum toxin A is a protein produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum, the same bacteria that causes botulism food poisoning. When injected into muscle in tiny amounts, botulinum A (Botox) can stop or reduce muscle spasm by blocking nerve signals to the muscle. This treatment has been used since the early 1990s…

Botulinum (Botox) Injection for Low Back Pain

Botulinum toxin A is a protein produced by the bacteria Clostridium botulinum, the same bacteria that causes botulism food poisoning. When injected into muscle in tiny amounts, botulinum A (Botox) can stop or reduce muscle spasm by blocking nerve signals to the muscle. This treatment has been used since the early 1990s…

Prolotherapy for Low Back Pain

Prolotherapy involves injecting a substance into the body to promote the growth of normal cells, tissues, or organs. There are three types of prolotherapy. The type used to treat joint pain is called inflammatory prolotherapy. In inflammatory prolotherapy, a sugar water solution (dextrose) is injected into a weakened…

Chronic Pain

Pain is called chronic if it lasts for 3 months or longer. It’s normal to have pain when you are injured or ill. But pain that lasts for weeks, months, or years isn’t normal. There are many treatment options for chronic pain. They include exercise, behavioral therapy, physical therapy, medicines, and complementary…