Nancy Greenwald MD


Pain in a Spinal Cord Injury

Pain in a spinal cord injury (SCI) can be complicated and confusing. There are different types of pain, and they are often described in different ways. You may feel pain where you have feeling. But you may also feel pain in an area where otherwise you have no feeling. The pain may be severe at some times. But at other…

Pain Diary

A pain diary may help you and your doctor find out what makes your pain better or worse. Use the diary and pain scale below to keep track of when you have pain, how bad it is, and what you are doing to treat it. This figure has been reproduced with permission from the International Association for the Study of Pain®…

Opioid

An opioid is a drug that can suppress the perception of pain and calm a person’s emotional response to pain. It does this by reducing the effect of pain signals sent by the nervous system. Opioids produce a feeling of well-being (euphoria). They also cause mood changes, cloudy thinking, and deep sleep. Side effects of…

Pain Management

What is pain? Pain is your body’s way of warning you that something is wrong. If you step on a sharp object or put your hand on a hot stove, the pain lets you know right away that you are hurt and need to protect yourself. You may have pain from an injury, after surgery, or from a health problem like cancer…

Intermittent Catheterization for Women

Intermittent catheterization programs (ICPs) are often used when you have the ability to use a catheter yourself or someone can do it for you. You insert the catheter —a thin, flexible, hollow tube—through the urethra into the bladder and allow the urine to drain out. It is done at scheduled times, and the catheter is…