Peter Shalit MD PhD


Mycobacterium Avium Complex

Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) is a group of bacteria, commonly found in soil or water, that can infect people who have acquired immunodeficiency disease (AIDS). In people whose CD4+ cell count drops below 50 cells per microliter (mcL), the bacteria can spread throughout the body and cause infection almost anywhere…

HIV: Nonprogressors and HIV-Resistant People

A few people with HIV are described as nonprogressors. These people have HIV that does not progress to more severe symptoms or disease, but they can still spread HIV. Most nonprogressors: Have lived with the infection for 10 to 15 years and remained healthy. Do not have declining CD4+ cell counts. Have a very low level…

HIV: Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)

Antiretroviral therapy (ART) is the combination of several antiretroviral medicines used to slow the rate at which HIV makes copies of itself (multiplies) in the body. A combination of three or more antiretroviral medicines is more effective than using just one medicine (monotherapy) to treat HIV. The use of three or…

HIV Home Care

If a person’s HIV infection progresses, you may be called on to provide home care for that person. A home care course may give you the knowledge, skills, and confidence to provide the care needed. Contact your local Red Cross chapter, Visiting Nurse Association, or AIDS service agency to find out about home care…

HIV and Weight Loss

Weight loss in people with HIV has many possible causes. If you lose weight fast, it may be because you have another infection along with HIV. This type of illness is called an opportunistic infection. Gradual weight loss may be due to problems with nutrition. You may lose weight if you can’t eat enough food or if your…