Rakesh K. Pai MD


Rhabdomyolysis

Top of the pageRhabdomyolysisRhabdomyolysis is a process in which dying muscle cells cause the toxic buildup of certain substances in the blood. Some of these substances are creatine, myoglobin, aldolase, potassium, and lactate dehydrogenase. Left untreated,...

Femoropopliteal Bypass (Fem-Pop Bypass) for Peripheral Arterial Disease

Femoropopliteal (fem-pop) bypass surgery is used to bypass diseased blood vessels above or below the knee. To bypass the narrowed or blocked blood vessel, blood is redirected through either a healthy blood vessel that has been transplanted or a man-made graft material. This vessel or graft is sewn above and below the…

Athlete’s Heart Syndrome

Athlete’s heart syndrome is enlargement of the heart muscle that develops in people who exercise regularly and vigorously. The changes in the heart may be mistaken for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, which can cause life-threatening heart rhythms and sudden death. But athlete’s heart syndrome is harmless. When an athlete…

Computed Tomography Angiogram (CT Angiogram)

A computed tomography angiogram (CT angiogram) is a test that uses X-rays to provide detailed pictures of the heart and the blood vessels that go to the heart, lung, brain, kidneys, head, neck, legs, and arms. A CT angiogram can show narrowed or blocked areas of a blood vessel. The test can also show whether there is a…

Electrical Cardioversion (Defibrillation) for a Fast Heart Rate

Electrical cardioversion is a procedure in which a brief electric shock is given to the heart to reset the heart rhythm back to its normal, regular pattern ( normal sinus rhythm ). The shock is given through patches applied to the outside of the chest wall. In some situations an external defibrillator, which has…