Rakesh K. Pai MD FACC


Heart Failure: Compensation by the Heart and Body

Heart failure means that your heart muscle doesn’t pump as much blood as your body needs. Because your heart cannot pump well, your heart and your body try to make up for it. This is called compensation. Your body has a remarkable ability to compensate for heart failure. The body may do such a good job that many people…

Cardiac Rehabilitation: Hospital Program

Cardiac rehabilitation (rehab) may start while you are in the hospital. The hospital program is one part, or phase, of your cardiac rehab. This phase emphasizes exercise and education. The parts of a hospital program include: A customized exercise program, based on your medical history, clinical condition, and symptoms…

Heart-Healthy Eating: Fish

As part of a healthy diet, eat at least two servings of fish each week. Oily fish, which contain omega-3 fatty acids, are best. These fish include salmon, mackerel, lake trout, herring, and sardines. Fish as part of a heart-healthy diet Fish is an important part of a heart-healthy diet. A heart-healthy diet is not just…

Coronary Artery Disease: Prevention Myths

There are lots of things you can do to lower your risk for coronary artery disease. But some diets and dietary supplements do not lower risk. It’s not clear if vitamins, minerals, and multivitamins can lower risk. Talk with your doctor about the best ways to lower your risk of heart disease. By eating heart-healthy…

Balloon Valvuloplasty for Aortic Valve Stenosis

Balloon valvuloplasty (also called valvulotomy or valvotomy) is a procedure that widens a heart valve that is narrowed. The cause of this narrowing in the aortic valve is aortic valve stenosis. During this procedure, the doctor puts a thin, flexible tube called a catheter into a blood vessel in your upper leg (groin)…