Robert B. Keller MD


Spinal cord anatomy

The spinal cord is a soft bundle of nerves that extends from the base of the brain to the lower back. It runs through the spinal canal, which is protected by the bones of the spine (vertebrae). Messages between the brain and the nerve roots travel up and down the spinal cord. This makes it possible for the brain and…

Brace (Orthotic) Treatment for Scoliosis

Brace (orthotic) treatment for scoliosis is used to prevent spinal curve progression and to maintain a more normal appearance of the back. The goal of brace treatment is to prevent the curve from getting worse. Bracing does not correct a curve. There may be some initial straightening of the spine and the appearance of…

Scheuermann’s Disease

Scheuermann’s disease is a condition in which one or more of the bones of the spine (vertebrae) develop wedge-shaped deformities. This causes curvature of the spine (rounding of the back, or kyphosis), most commonly in the chest region. The curvature may become permanent if it is not corrected within 6 to 9 months. But…

Chest and Shoulder Stretch

Sitting or standing tall, slowly tuck your chin as you glide your head backward over your body (dorsal glide). Raise both arms so that your hands are next to your ears. Take a deep breath, and as you breathe out, lower your elbows down and behind your back. You will feel your shoulder blades slide down and together, and…

Scoliosis: Wearing a Brace

The cosmetic aspects of scoliosis and the braces used to treat it may greatly affect a child or teen. Teenagers may find wearing a brace devastating to their self-image. Most braces should be worn for 20 hours a day or more, usually for several years. It is very difficult to get teens to wear the brace for as many hours…