What are fibrocystic breast changes?
Many women have breasts that feel lumpy, thick, and tender, especially right before their periods. These symptoms are called fibrocystic menstrual cycle.. They may also be called cyclic , because they come and go with your
Fibrocysticare normal and harmless. They aren't cancer, and they don't increase your chance of getting .
But having fibrocystic atypical ductal hyperplasia (ADH), talk to your doctor about how often you need a breast checkup.can make it harder to find a lump that could be cancer. This is a special concern if you also have a higher-than-normal risk for . So if you or a close family member has had or if you have had radiation treatment or a showing
What causes fibrocystic breast changes?
Experts think that fibrocystic milk (or mammary) glands get bigger, which may make some women's breasts feel lumpy and tender. These symptoms go away after a woman starts her period.are linked to the hormone changes that happen during a woman's . Each month, a woman's body gets ready for a possible . It releases that signal the breasts to make milk. The
You are more likely to haveif your mother or sisters have them.
What are the symptoms?
If you have fibrocystic breasts, you may notice the symptoms right before your menstrual period. You may find that:
- Your breasts are swollen.
- They feel tender or painful. Women often describe this as a dull or aching pain, heaviness, or soreness.
- Your breasts feel lumpy. Your doctor may call this " ." Lumpy (cystic) areas feel thick. You may have one or more lumps that are always in the same area and that grow and shrink with each . The lumps move if you push on them.
- Your symptoms get better by the time your period ends.
Symptoms can be on one or both sides and can occur up toward and under the armpit.
Many women first notice fibrocysticwhen they are in their 30s. At this , your hormone levels start to vary more than before.
How are fibrocystic breast changes diagnosed?
If you notice a new, wait through one menstrual cycle. If it's still there after your period, see your doctor for a breast exam. If you aren't having menstrual periods, see your doctor for a breast exam as soon as you notice a new lump.
How are they treated?
You don't need to do anything about fibrocystic. They are normal, and they don't lead to cancer.
- Take an over-the-counter pain medicine like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID)skin cream. Stronger medicines are available, but they may have more side effects. Be safe with medicines. Read and follow all instructions on the label. (such as Tylenol) or ibuprofen (such as Advil). If this doesn't help, ask your doctor about using a
- Wear a bra that gives your breasts good support.
- Ask your doctor about low-dose pills. For some women, these reduce breast soreness and swelling before periods. They may be a good choice if your symptoms bother youand you want to prevent .
Although there is no evidence that any of thesewith , some women report that they feel better when they give up caffeine; eat a very low-fat diet; or take certain , , or herbal supplements. Be sure your doctor knows about any supplements you're taking. And talk with your doctor before you make any major changes to your diet.
Other Works Consulted
- Goyal A (2014).. BMJ Clinical Evidence, 10: 812. http://clinicalevidence.bmj.com/x/systematic-review/0812/overview.html. Accessed November 14, 2014.
- Mansel RE (2010). Management of. In JR Harris et al., eds., Diseases of the Breast, 4th ed., pp. 52â€“57. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams and Wilkins.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical Reviewer Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine Martin J. Gabica, MD - Family Medicine Elizabeth T. Russo, MD - Internal Medicine Specialist Medical Reviewer Kirtly Jones, MD - Obstetrics and Gynecology, Reproductive Endocrinology
Current as ofOctober 6, 2017
Current as of:
October 6, 2017