What is measles?
is a very contagious (easily spread) infection that causes a rash all over your body. It is also called or red .
The measles vaccine protects against the illness. This vaccine is part of the MMR (measles, mumps, and rubella) and MMRV (measles, mumps, rubella, and varicella [chickenpox]) vaccines. Most children get the vaccine as part of their regular shots. This is whyis rare in the United States and Canada.
What causes measles?
is caused by a . It is spread when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or shares food or drinks. The measles virus can travel through the air. This means that you can get if you are near someone who has the even if that person doesn't cough or sneeze directly on you.
You can spread theto others from 4 days before the rash starts until 4 days after the rash appeared. The is most often spread when people first get sick, before they know they have it.
If you have had, you can't get it again. Most people born before 1957 have had .
What are the symptoms?
The first symptoms of lymph nodes in your neck may swell. You also may feel very tired and have diarrhea and red, sore eyes. As these symptoms start to go away, you will get red spots inside your mouth, followed by a rash all over your body.are like a bad coldâ€”a high , a runny nose, sneezing, a sore throat, and a hacking cough. The
When adults get, they usually feel worse than children who get it.
It usually takes about 7 to 18 days to get symptoms after you have been around someone who has. This is called the .
How is measles diagnosed?
If you think you have, call ahead and explain your symptoms before you go to a doctor's office.
After you've had an exam, your doctor may order a blood test and/or viral culture if he or she suspects that you have .
How is it treated?
usually gets better with home care. You can take medicine to lower your , if needed. Read and follow all instructions on the label. Also, get plenty of rest and drink lots of fluids. Stay away from other people as much as you can so that you don't spread the disease. Anyone who has should stay out of school, day care, work, and public places until at least 4 days after the rash first appeared.
Your doctor may suggestA supplements if your child has .
If you have been exposed to immunoglobulin (IG) or the measles vaccine as soon as possible. Babies who are younger than 12 months, pregnant women, and people who have impaired immune systems that can't fight infection may need to get if they are exposed to .and you have not had the vaccine, you may be able to prevent the infection by getting
Why is prevention important?
Getting your child vaccinated is important, becausecan sometimes cause serious problems.
Measles is one of the most contagious diseases. Outbreaks can easily occur. For instance, a person from another country may have and not know it yet. If that person travels outside his or her own country, he or she could spread to people who are not immune. Also, if you travel to another country and you are not immune to , you may be at risk.
If you don't know whether you're immune toand you plan to travel, check with your doctor or local health clinic to see whether you should get the vaccine before you travel.
Frequently Asked Questions
Other Places To Get Help
- Taylor LE, et al. (2014). Vaccines are not associated with : An evidence-based meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies. Vaccines, 32(29): 3623â€“3629.
Other Works Consulted
- American Academy of Pediatrics (2012).. In LK Pickering et al., eds., Red Book: 2012 Report of the Committee on Infectious Diseases, 29th ed., pp. 489â€“499. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2013). Prevention of, , congenital rubella syndrome, and , 2013: Summary recommendations of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). MMWR, 62(RRO4): 1â€“34. Also available online: http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/rr6204a1.htm.
- Cherry JD (2009). Measles virus. In RD Feigin et al., eds., Feigin and Cherry's Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, 6th ed., vol. 2, pp. 2427â€“2451. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.
- Elliman D, et al. (2009)., , and : Prevention, search date July 2007. Online version of BMJ Clinical Evidence: http://www.clinicalevidence.com.
- Mason WH (2011).. In RM Kliegman et al., eds., Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics, 19th ed., pp. 1069â€“1075. Philadelphia: Saunders.
- Perry RT, Orenstein WA (2006).. In FD Burg et al., eds., Current Pediatric Therapy, 18th ed., pp. 786â€“790. Philadelphia: Saunders Elsevier.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine E. Gregory Thompson, MD - Internal Medicine Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical Reviewer Christine Hahn, MD - Epidemiology
Current as ofNovember 16, 2017
Current as of:
November 16, 2017