Brain and Nervous System

The central nervous system (CNS) is made up of the brain and the spinal cord. The central nervous system controls thought processes, guides movement, and registers sensations throughout the body.

Absence Epilepsy

Childhood absence epilepsy develops between ages 4 and 10. It causes very brief absence seizures that may include staring into space, eye fluttering, and slight muscle jerks. Juvenile absence epilepsy develops between ages 10 and 17 and causes similar seizures. Many children with juvenile absence epilepsy have…

Acute Flaccid Myelitis

What is acute flaccid myelitis? Acute flaccid myelitis (AFM) is a rare condition that affects the spinal cord. It causes certain muscles and reflexes in the body to stop working normally. Anyone can get AFM. How is acute flaccid myelitis diagnosed? A doctor will do a physical exam to check for weakness, such as in the…

After a Stroke: Helping Your Family Adjust

If you have a family member who has had a stroke, you may be concerned about how the stroke is going to affect your family’s lifestyle. You may be concerned about finances and changes in family roles and responsibilities. Here are some ways to help your loved one and other family members adjust: Realize that after a…

Agitation and Dementia

Many people with Alzheimer’s disease or another dementia can become agitated or upset easily. It may be helpful to: Keep distractions to a minimum. Keep noise levels low and voices quiet. Develop simple daily routines for bathing, dressing, eating, and other activities. Ask the person what is upsetting him or her. The…