The information shown here is based on the best available evidence.
Anne C. Poinier MD
Discusses common Achilles tendon problems. Covers tendinopathy, which includes tendinitis and tendinosis. Also covers tendon tear or rupture, paratenonitis, peritendinitis, and bursitis. Discusses symptoms such as pain and swelling in back of leg or heel.
The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. The calf muscle is actually two muscles, the gastrocnemius muscle and the soleus muscle. The soleus lies underneath the gastrocnemius. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It allows you to rise up on your toes and push off while walking or…
While sitting in a chair, straighten your leg and hold for 6 seconds. Then lower your leg and rest for up to 10 seconds. Repeat 8 to 12 times with each leg. Do every day, up to 3 times a day. When this thigh-strengthening exercise becomes easy, you can add a light weight to your ankle.
Covers shoulder surgery to replace the ends of bones in a damaged joint. Includes what to expect after surgery, continued recovery, and living with a shoulder replacement. Looks at why it is done, how well it works, and the risks of surgery.