Anne C. Poinier MD


Retrocalcaneal Bursitis

Retrocalcaneal bursitis is inflammation of the small fluid-filled sac (bursa) between the back of the heel bone and the Achilles tendon, just above the point where the tendon connects to the bone. The inflammation causes swelling, tenderness, and pain on the back of the foot. Retrocalcaneal bursitis develops gradually…

Arthritis: Should I Have Knee Replacement Surgery?

Guides through decision to have knee replacement surgery for osteoarthritis. Describes other surgeries and treatment options used to decrease osteoarthritis pain. Covers benefits and risks. Includes an interactive tool to help you make your decision.

Achilles Tendon

The Achilles tendon connects the calf muscle to the heel bone. The calf muscle is actually two muscles, the gastrocnemius muscle and the soleus muscle. The soleus lies underneath the gastrocnemius. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It allows you to rise up on your toes and push off while walking or…

Achilles Tendinopathy

Achilles tendinopathy means that you have tiny tears in your Achilles tendon, which connects your calf muscle to your heel. This problem causes pain and makes it hard to move your foot and ankle. Achilles tendinopathy is also often called Achilles tendinitis. Tendinopathy is not the same as a large Achilles tear or…