Carla J. Herman MD MPH


Osteoporosis Risk in Younger Women

During childhood and teen years, new bone grows faster than existing bone is absorbed by the body. After age 30, this process begins to reverse. As a natural part of aging, bone dissolves and is absorbed faster than new bone is made, and bones become thinner. You are more likely to have osteoporosis if you did not reach…

Healthy Eating: Taking Calcium and Vitamin D

Discusses taking calcium and vitamin D to prevent or treat osteoporosis. Includes info on how much calcium you need based on your age or life stage. Offers list of calcium-rich foods and calcium supplements.

Steroid-Induced Osteoporosis

Many people take oral or inhaled steroid medicines for conditions such as asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). These medicines include beclomethasone, flunisolide, and prednisone. The oral kind and the high-dose inhaled kind can cause bone loss over time. If you are on these types of medicines for 6…

Low bone density

Low bone density (sometimes called osteopenia) refers to bone density that is lower than the normal peak density but not low enough to be classified as osteoporosis. Bone density is a measurement that shows how dense and strong the bones are. Bones naturally become thinner as people grow older, because beginning at…

Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) of Osteoporosis

Courtesy of Intermountain Medical Imaging, Boise, Idaho. Figure 1 shows a bone density test of a healthy older woman. The X-ray shows normal hipbones. The graph shows the bone density number in the green zone (normal). Figure 2 shows a bone density test of an older woman who has osteoporosis. The X-ray shows weaker…