Deborah A. Penava MD FRCSC MPH


Placenta Percreta

Placenta percreta is the abnormal growth of the placenta, which provides life support to the growing fetus, through the uterine wall and sometimes into the bladder or rectum.

Cesarean Section

A cesarean section, or C-section, is the surgical delivery of an infant through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. Some cesarean sections are planned when a known medical problem would make labor dangerous for the mother or baby, while others are done when a quick delivery is needed to ensure the mother’s…

Placenta Increta

Placenta increta is the abnormal growth of the placenta, which supplies life support to the growing fetus, into the muscle of the uterine wall (myometrium). All or part of the placenta can be abnormally attached.

Molar Pregnancy

A molar pregnancy is a mass of abnormal placental cell growth (hydatidiform mole) inside the uterus that triggers symptoms of pregnancy. A complete molar pregnancy is a tissue mass that can fill the uterus, while a partial molar pregnancy may include severely abnormal fetal tissue. Symptoms of pregnancy are often…

Molar Pregnancy

A molar pregnancy is a mass of abnormal placental cell growth (hydatidiform mole) inside the uterus that triggers symptoms of pregnancy. A complete molar pregnancy is a tissue mass that can fill the uterus, while a partial molar pregnancy may include severely abnormal fetal tissue. Symptoms of pregnancy are often…