Deborah A. Penava MD FRCSC MPH


Cesarean Section

A cesarean section, or C-section, is the surgical delivery of an infant through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. Some cesarean sections are planned when a known medical problem would make labor dangerous for the mother or baby, while others are done when a quick delivery is needed to ensure the mother’s…

Cesarean Section

A cesarean section, or C-section, is the surgical delivery of an infant through an incision in the mother’s abdomen and uterus. Some cesarean sections are planned when a known medical problem would make labor dangerous for the mother or baby, while others are done when a quick delivery is needed to ensure the mother’s…

Molar Pregnancy

What is a molar pregnancy? A molar pregnancy happens when tissue that normally becomes a fetus instead becomes an abnormal growth in your uterus. Even though it isn’t an embryo, this growth triggers symptoms of pregnancy. A molar pregnancy should be treated right away. This will make sure that all of the tissue is…

Trophoblastic Disease

Trophoblastic disease is a growth of abnormal tissue inside the uterus during pregnancy. This abnormal tissue prevents the normal growth of a fetus. This tissue can continue to grow after a miscarriage or pregnancy. In some cases, trophoblastic disease advances into uterine cancer. Trophoblastic cancer can remain in the…

Placenta Percreta

Placenta percreta is the abnormal growth of the placenta, which provides life support to the growing fetus, through the uterine wall and sometimes into the bladder or rectum.