Gavin W. G. Chalmers DPM FACFAS


Hammer, Claw, and Mallet Toes

Hammer, claw, and mallet toes are toes that bend into an odd position at one or more joints. This can be painful. They are most often caused by wearing tight shoes, which can cause the toe muscles to get out of balance. A hammer toe bends down toward the floor at the middle toe joint. This causes the middle toe joint to…

Morton’s Neuroma

What is Morton’s neuroma, and what causes it? Morton’s neuroma is a swollen or thickened nerve in the ball of your foot. When your toes are squeezed together too often and for too long, the nerve that runs between your toes can swell and get thicker. This swelling can make it painful when you walk on that foot…

Bunion with displaced toe

A bunion is an enlargement of bone or tissue around the joint at the base of the big toe. This results in a bump on the outside edge of this toe. The skin may be red or irritated, and there may be swelling at the base of the big toe. The big toe may point toward the other toes (be displaced).

Marble Pickups

Put marbles on the floor next to a cup. Using your toes, try to lift the marbles up from the floor and put them in the cup.

Pump Bump (Haglund’s Deformity)

“Pump bump,” or Haglund’s deformity, is a type of bursitis of the heel. Bursitis is an inflammation of the sacs (bursae) that contain small amounts of lubricating fluid to help joints move smoothly. A shoe rubbing on the back of the heel may cause the bump to form. The friction stimulates growth of a bone spur that then…