Richard M. Hoffman MD MPH


Radiation Therapy for Prostate Cancer

Radiation therapy uses high doses of radiation, such as X-rays, to destroy cancer cells. The radiation damages the genetic material of the cells so that they can’t grow. Although radiation damages normal cells as well as cancer cells, the normal cells can repair themselves and function, while the cancer cells cannot…

Prostate Cancer

Provides info on an initial diagnosis. Discusses diagnostic tests, including PSA test and digital rectal exam. Covers symptoms common to prostate cancer and other conditions. Discusses treatment with active surveillance, surgery, or radiation. Also offers prevention tips.

High PSA Results That Are Not Cancer (False Positives)

PSA tests can show high levels of PSA that aren’t caused by cancer (called a false-positive). This means you may need more tests to check for prostate cancer. The information shown here is based on the best available evidence.

Active Surveillance for Prostate Cancer

Most men who are diagnosed with prostate cancer have localized cancer, which means that the cancer hasn’t spread outside the prostate. Some men who have localized prostate cancer choose active surveillance, which allows them to avoid or delay having surgery or radiation. Active surveillance is an option for men with…