Sarah Marshall MD


HELLP Syndrome and Preeclampsia

HELLP syndrome is a life-threatening liver disorder thought to be a type of severe preeclampsia. It is characterized by H emolysis (destruction of red blood cells), E levated L iver enzymes (which indicate liver damage), and L ow P latelet count. HELLP is usually related to preeclampsia. About 10% to 20% of women who…

Miscarriage

Is this topic for you? This topic is about the loss of a baby before 20 weeks of pregnancy. For information about the loss of a baby after 20 weeks of pregnancy but before the baby is born, see the topic Stillbirth. What is a miscarriage? A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy during the first 20 weeks. It is usually…

Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Test

A human papillomavirus (HPV) test is done to check for a high-risk HPV infection in women. HPV is a sexually transmitted infection (STI). An HPV test checks for the genetic material ( DNA ) of the human papillomavirus. Like a Pap test, an HPV test is done on a sample of cells collected from the cervix . There are many…

Polyhydramnios

Polyhydramnios is a condition in which there is too much fluid in the amniotic sac, the sac that holds the developing baby (fetus). This liquid is called amniotic fluid, and it surrounds the fetus throughout pregnancy. In many cases, the cause of polyhydramnios may not be found. But causes may include: Problems…

Breastfeeding Multiple Infants

Most mothers can produce enough milk to breastfeed two or more babies. If you have twins or triplets, breastfeeding becomes more physically and emotionally challenging. But with support and guidance, you can be successful. Breastfeeding fosters the bond between you and each baby. Since multiples often are born…