Starting at age 10 or at the beginning of puberty, a child who has a body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher
for his or her ageâ€”or whose weight is more than 120% of idealâ€”and who has one
of the following risk factors needs to be tested for type 2 diabetes every 3 years:footnote 1
A parent, brother, or sister with type 2
The child's mother developed gestational diabetes while pregnant with the child
Hispanic, African-American, Native American,
Asian-American, or Pacific Island ancestry
Signs of not being able
to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions associated with it:
If the results of a blood glucose test mean that your
child's blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet at the level of diabetes, he or she has prediabetes. If your child eats a balanced diet and gets regular exercise,
he or she may not develop diabetes.
For more information, see the
Interactive Tool: What Is Your Child's BMI? and the topic Type 2 Diabetes in
American Diabetes Association (2018). Standards of medical care in diabetesâ€”2018. Diabetes Care, 41(Suppl 1): S1â€“S159. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/41/Supplement_1. Accessed December 8, 2017.
Other Works Consulted
American Diabetes Association (2000). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Diabetes Care, 23(3): 381â€“389.
ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical ReviewerJohn Pope, MD - PediatricsKathleen Romito, MD - Family MedicineAdam Husney, MD - Family MedicineSpecialist Medical ReviewerMatthew I. Kim, MD - EndocrinologyDavid C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology
American Diabetes Association (2018). Standards of medical care in diabetes-2018. Diabetes Care, 41(Suppl 1): S1-S159. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/41/Supplement_1. Accessed December 8, 2017.