Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children

Type 2 Diabetes: Screening for Children

Topic Overview

Starting at age 10 or at the beginning of puberty, a child who has a
body mass index (BMI) in the 85th percentile or higher
for his or her age—or whose weight is more than 120% of ideal—and who has one
of the following risk factors needs to be tested for
type 2 diabetes every 3 years:footnote 1

  • A parent, brother, or sister with type 2
  • The child's mother developed gestational diabetes while pregnant with the child
  • Hispanic, African-American, Native American,
    Asian-American, or Pacific Island ancestry
  • Signs of not being able
    to use insulin properly (insulin resistance) or conditions associated with it:

If the results of a blood glucose test mean that your
child's blood sugar is higher than normal but not yet at the level of diabetes, he or she has
prediabetes. If your child eats a balanced diet and gets regular exercise,
he or she may not develop diabetes.

For more information, see the
Interactive Tool: What Is Your Child's BMI? and the topic Type 2 Diabetes in



  1. American Diabetes Association (2018). Standards of medical care in diabetes—2018. Diabetes Care, 41(Suppl 1): S1–S159. http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/41/Supplement_1. Accessed December 8, 2017.

Other Works Consulted

  • American Diabetes Association (2000). Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Diabetes Care, 23(3): 381–389.


ByHealthwise StaffPrimary Medical Reviewer John Pope, MD - Pediatrics Kathleen Romito, MD - Family Medicine Adam Husney, MD - Family Medicine Specialist Medical Reviewer Matthew I. Kim, MD - Endocrinology David C.W. Lau, MD, PhD, FRCPC - Endocrinology

Current as ofJanuary 29, 2018

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